The four main areas ICT had an effect on employment include Manufacturing, Shop work, Banking, Office work.
ICT had both positive and negative effects on employment.

Positive Effects of ICT on Employment

Negative Effects of ICT on Employment

Increase in Employment Opportunities:

There are many new job opportunities created due to the introduction of ICT:

Changes in the Working Pattern:

ICT has brought many changes in the working pattern within the organisation.

they are:

  1. Part-Time working
  2. Flexible hours
  3. Job sharing
  4. Compressed hours.


  1. Part-time working: It is working fewer hours per week or fewer days per week than full-time staff.
  2. Flexible Hours: Any working schedule outside the traditional working pattern. An employee can choose the start and finish time, but he/she must complete a full day’s work.
  3. Job Sharing: With job sharing a full-time job is divided between two part-time workers. Eg: one can work in the morning and the other in the afternoon. Or, one could work on Monday to Wednesday lunchtime and the other from Wednesday lunchtime to Friday.
  4. Compressed Hours: An employee works their full hours for the week but works for fewer days. Eg: they may complete their 40 hours in four days rather than the normal five days.